energy efficiency, architecture, façade, e-textiles, smart materials, smart3, Adaptex, adaptive surfaces, smart textiles, high tech materials


Development of a textile sun protection system with shape memory alloys for use in adaptive surfaces in an architectural context.


Smart materials are already being used in important industrial sectors such as mechanical engineering, the automotive industry and medical technology. In the building industry, however, high requirements on durability, wear resistance as well as the large scale have so far prevented the use of smart materials. This is exactly where ADAPTEX comes in. Shape Memory Alloys are in principle very well suited for construction applications due to their wear resistance, durability and low maintenance. As a product, however, they are designed more for the precision and standards of mechanical engineering than for architectural/facade applications. ADAPTEX closes this gap by using textile construction.


The aim is to develop a textile sun protection that can make structural adjustments within the surface. The textile can adapt to complex building geometries and create dynamic transitions in its structure and functionality. The light and flexible structure allows for applications in new building construction as well as in the energetic refurbishment of existing buildings.


The research project is carried out by seven partners from science and industry and is funded within the consortium smart3 (, BMBF funding guideline Zwanzig20 – Partnership for Innovation). The main activity of the weißensee academy of arts concerns the creative-scientific, content-related and operative processing of the R&D project – from the initial feasibility study to the final implementation.


Lead: Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Christiane Sauer
DXM Researchers: Dipl.-Des. Ebba Fransén Waldhör, Dipl.-Ing. Maxie Schneider, Rebecca Schedler

Facade-Lab GmbH (Project Coordinator)
Fraunhofer Institut for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU
Carl Stahl ARC GmbH
Verseidag-INDUTEX GmbH
ITP GmbH (Society for intelligent textile products)
SGS Engineering Services in Civil Engineering GmbH

Research project funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research within the framework of the smart³ project